Woman get ovarian cancer
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What You Need to Know About Ovarian Cancer
Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. A risk factor is anything that increases a person's chance of developing cancer.
Although risk factors often influence the development of cancer, most do not directly cause cancer. Some people with several risk factors never develop cancer, while others with no known risk factors do. Knowing your risk factors and talking about them with your doctor may help you make more informed lifestyle and health care choices. Family history. By understanding your family history, you and your doctor can talk about ways to reduce your risk and be proactive about your health.
This inherited risk is called a germline mutation. This testing should be done regardless of whether there is a family history of ovarian or breast cancer. The results of this testing can help determine your treatment options. Please note that this link takes you to a separate ASCO website. Genetic conditions. Some of the most common include:. Lynch syndrome. It is caused by mutations in several different genes. Lynch syndrome also increases the risk of colorectal cancer and several other cancers.
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome PJS. PJS is caused by a specific genetic mutation. The syndrome is associated with multiple polyps in the digestive tract that become noncancerous tumors and with increased pigmentation dark spots on the skin on the face and hands.
Fibromas are benign fibrous tumors of the ovaries. There is a small risk that these fibromas could develop into a type of ovarian cancer called fibrosarcoma. People with NBCCS often have multiple basal cell skin cancers and jaw cysts and may develop medulloblastoma , a type of brain tumor, in childhood. Li-Fraumeni syndrome and ataxia-telangiectasia. Women with Li-Fraumeni syndrome or ataxia-telangiectasia may have a slightly increased risk of developing ovarian cancer. There may be other hereditary syndromes linked to these types of cancer, and research in this area is ongoing.
Only genetic testing can determine whether a person has a genetic mutation. Most experts strongly recommend that people who are considering genetic testing first talk with a genetic counselor.
This expert is trained to explain the risks and benefits of genetic testing. Women of all ages have a risk of these cancers, but women over 50 are more likely to develop these cancers. This condition can cause several problems, but effective treatment is available. Researchers are continuing to study whether endometriosis is a risk factor for ovarian cancer.
It may increase the risk of certain types of ovarian cancer, including clear cell and endometrioid ovarian cancers. People of some of these ethnicities have higher risks of BRCA mutations. Reproductive history. Hormone replacement therapy. The risk becomes higher the longer a woman uses the therapy.
The risk decreases over time after the therapy ends. It has been shown that they do not increase the risk. Different factors cause different types of cancer.
Researchers continue to study what factors cause these types of cancer, including ways to prevent it. Although there is no proven way to prevent these diseases completely, you may be able to lower your risk. Talk with your health care team for more information about your personal risk of cancer.
Taking birth control pills. The decrease in risk may last for 30 years after a woman stops taking the pills. Surgical procedures.
A hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and, sometimes, the cervix. After a woman has given birth to all of the children she intends to have, she may choose to have her fallopian tubes removed at the time of abdominal surgery for other purposes or during a caesarean section, also called a c-section. The next section in this guide is Symptoms and Signs. It explains what body changes or medical problems ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal cancer can cause.
Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide. Some of the most common include: Lynch syndrome. Prevention Different factors cause different types of cancer. Types of Cancer. Medical Illustrations.
Risk Factors and Prevention. Symptoms and Signs. Stages and Grades. Types of Treatment. About Clinical Trials. Latest Research. Coping with Treatment. Follow-Up Care. Questions to Ask the Health Care Team. Additional Resources.
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What Are the Risk Factors for Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The ovaries — each about the size of an almond — produce eggs ova as well as the hormones estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus.
The likelihood of developing the disease may be higher if a woman has one or more ovarian risk factors. One key risk factor is age. Most women who develop ovarian cancer are diagnosed after menopause, at age 55 or older, though patients in their 40s and 50s have also been diagnosed with the disease. If you have a strong family history of breast or ovarian cancer, you may also be at an increased risk.
Risks and causes
Ovarian cancer is among the 3 most common gynecologic cancers, along with cervical and endometrial cancers. According to the American Cancer Society, 1 in 75 women will have ovarian cancer in their lifetime, about 22, women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer, and about 14, will die from it in Ovarian cancer ranks fifth in cancer-related deaths in women, accounting for more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. It is also more common in white women than in African-American women. Overall, over the past 20 years, the rate of new cases has been slowly decreasing. In ovarian cancer, cancerous cells develop in the tissues of the ovaries. The ovaries are the glands that produce eggs needed for reproduction; they are also the main source of the female reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, which control sexual development. More than 30 types of ovarian cancer are known, and they are classified by the type of cells from which they originate. The 3 most common types of ovarian cancer are:. Epithelial tumors , which originate in the epithelium, the tissue that covers the outside surface of the ovary.
Ovarian Cancer Risk Factors
There is no way to know for sure if you will get ovarian cancer. Most women get it without being at high risk. In addition, some studies suggest that women who take estrogen by itself without progesterone for 10 or more years may have an increased risk of ovarian cancer. If one or more of these factors is true for you, it does not mean you will get ovarian cancer. But you should speak with your doctor about your risk.
Error: This is required. Error: Not a valid value. Ovarian cancer is when abnormal cells grow and multiply in one or both of the ovaries. The ovaries are a pair of small organs in the female reproductive system that contain and release an egg once a month in women of menstruating age.
Risk and protection factors of ovarian cancer
There are many types of ovarian cancer, with epithelial ovarian cancer being by far the most common form. Germ cell and stromal ovarian cancers are much less common. Cells in the ovary start to change and grow abnormally. If ovarian cancer symptoms are identified and the cancer diagnosed at an early stage, the outcome is more optimistic.
Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. A risk factor is anything that increases a person's chance of developing cancer. Although risk factors often influence the development of cancer, most do not directly cause cancer. Some people with several risk factors never develop cancer, while others with no known risk factors do.
The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. Other internal female reproductive organs are the:. The ovaries are 2 small, oval-shaped organs, each about 3 cm long and 1 cm thick. They are found in the lower part of the abdomen the pelvic cavity. There is 1 ovary on each side of the uterus. Each ovary has an outer covering made up of a layer of cells called the epithelium. Inside are germ cells, which will eventually mature into eggs ova.
As discussed in Ovarian Cancer Risk Factors , we do know some factors that make a woman more likely to develop epithelial ovarian cancer. Much less is known about risk factors for germ cell and stromal tumors of the ovaries. The most recent and important finding about the cause of ovarian cancer is that it starts in cells at the tail ends of the fallopian tubes and not necessarily in the ovary itself. This new information may open more research studies looking at preventing and screening for this type of cancer. There are many theories about the causes of ovarian cancer.
The ovaries are small organs that make female hormones and eggs. Women usually have two small ovaries, one on each side of your uterus womb. Around 3 in Australian women who have cancer have ovarian cancer.
If you have symptoms of cancer contact your doctor. Read our information about coronavirus and cancer. Your risk of developing ovarian cancer depends on many things including age, genetics, lifestyle and environmental factors. Anything that can increase your risk of cancer is called a risk factor.
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