How does a woman know if shes infertile
There are possible early warning signs of infertility. There are also risk factors, things that make it more likely you may have difficulty getting pregnant. While many couples will have no signs or symptoms , if you do have any, you should talk to your doctor sooner than later. Infertility is defined by how long you have been trying to conceive unsuccessfully.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: A Discussion of Miscarriage, Infertility and Early Pregnancy Loss
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Causes of infertility in womenContent:
Female infertility refers to infertility in women. Infertility affects women from around the world, and the cultural and social stigma surrounding it varies. Causes or factors of female infertility can basically be classified regarding whether they are acquired or genetic, or strictly by location. Although factors of female infertility can be classified as either acquired or genetic, female infertility is usually more or less a combination of nature and nurture.
Also, the presence of any single risk factor of female infertility such as smoking, mentioned further below does not necessarily cause infertility, and even if a woman is definitely infertile, the infertility cannot definitely be blamed on any single risk factor even if the risk factor is or has been present. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine ASRM , age, smoking, sexually transmitted infections, and being overweight or underweight can all affect fertility.
In broad sense, acquired factors practically include any factor that is not based on a genetic mutation , including any intrauterine exposure to toxins during fetal development , which may present as infertility many years later as an adult.
A woman's fertility is affected by her age. The average age of a girl's first period menarche is 12—13 However, the exact estimates of the chances of a woman to conceive after a certain age are not clear, with research giving differing results. The chances of a couple to successfully conceive at an advanced age depend on many factors, including the general health of a woman and the fertility of the male partner.
Tobacco smoking is harmful to the ovaries, and the degree of damage is dependent upon the amount and length of time a woman smokes or is exposed to a smoke-filled environment. Also, cigarette smoking interferes with folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial receptivity, endometrial angiogenesis, uterine blood flow and the uterine myometrium.
Sexually transmitted infections are a leading cause of infertility. They often display few, if any visible symptoms, with the risk of failing to seek proper treatment in time to prevent decreased fertility. Twelve percent of all infertility cases are a result of a woman either being underweight or overweight. Fat cells produce estrogen,  in addition to the primary sex organs. Too much body fat causes production of too much estrogen and the body begins to react as if it is on birth control, limiting the odds of getting pregnant.
A review from concluded that overweight and obese subfertile women have a reduced probability of successful fertility treatment and their pregnancies are associated with more complications and higher costs. In hypothetical groups of 1, women undergoing fertility care, the study counted approximately live births for normal weight and live births for overweight and obese anovulatory women.
For ovulatory women, the study counted approximately live births for normal weight, live births for overweight and live births for obese women. Exposure to radiation poses a high risk of infertility, depending on the frequency, power, and exposure duration. Radiotherapy is reported to cause infertility, . High doses can destroy some or all of the eggs in the ovaries and might cause infertility or early menopause. Chemotherapy poses a high risk of infertility.
Chemotherapies with high risk of infertility include procarbazine and other alkylating drugs such as cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, busulfan, melphalan, chlorambucil and chlormethine. Female infertility by chemotherapy appears to be secondary to premature ovarian failure by loss of primordial follicles. Women may choose between several methods of fertility preservation prior to chemotherapy, including cryopreservation of ovarian tissue, oocytes or embryos.
Factors contributing to the formation of antisperm antibodies in women are disturbance of normal immunoregulatory mechanisms, infection, violation of the integrity of the mucous membranes, accidental rape and unprotected oral or anal sex. There are many genes wherein mutation causes female infertility, as shown in table below. Chromosomal abnormalities causing female infertility include Turner syndrome. Oocyte donation is an alternative for patients with Turner syndrome.
Some of these gene or chromosome abnormalities cause intersex conditions , such as androgen insensitivity syndrome. Previously, a bicornuate uterus was thought to be associated with infertility,  but recent studies have not confirmed such an association.
Diagnosis of infertility begins with a medical history and physical exam. The healthcare provider may order tests, including the following:. There are genetic testing techniques under development to detect any mutation in genes associated with female infertility. If initial treatments are unsuccessful, referral is usually made to physicians who are fellowship trained as reproductive endocrinologists. These physicians treat reproductive disorders affecting not only women but also men, children, and teens.
The practice is primarily focused on helping their women to conceive and to correct any issues related to recurring pregnancy loss. There is no unanimous definition of female infertility, because the definition depends on social and physical characteristics which may vary by culture and situation. NICE guidelines state that: "A woman of reproductive age who has not conceived after 1 year of unprotected vaginal sexual intercourse, in the absence of any known cause of infertility, should be offered further clinical assessment and investigation along with her partner.
Primary infertility refers to the inability to give birth either because of not being able to become pregnant, or carry a child to live birth, which may include miscarriage or a stillborn child. There is no method to reverse advanced maternal age , but there are assisted reproductive technologies for many causes of infertility in pre-menopausal women, including:. Female infertility varies widely by geographic location around the world. In , there was an estimated Sub-Saharan Africa has had decreasing levels of primary infertility from to In Asia, the highest rates of combined secondary and primary infertility was in the South Central region, and then in the Southeast region, with the lowest rates in the Western areas.
Central and Western Latin America has some of the lowest rates of prevalence. Social stigma due to infertility is seen in many cultures throughout the world in varying forms. Wealth is sometimes measured by the number of children a woman has, as well as inheritance of property. In Nigeria and Cameroon , land claims are decided by the number of children. Also, in some Sub-Saharan countries women may be denied inheritance if she did not bear any children  In some African and Asian countries a husband can deprive his infertile wife of food, shelter and other basic necessities like clothing.
In many cases, a woman who cannot bear children is excluded from social and cultural events including traditional ceremonies. This stigmatization is seen in Mozambique and Nigeria where infertile women have been treated as outcasts to society. The effect of infertility can lead to social shaming from internal and social norms surrounding pregnancy, which affects women around the world.
Men in some countries may find another wife when their first cannot produce a child, hoping that by sleeping with more women he will be able to produce his own child. In some cultures, including Botswana  and Nigeria,  women can select a woman with whom she allows her husband to sleep with in hopes of conceiving a child. Women may also sleep with other men in hopes of becoming pregnant.
In many cases, the husband was not aware of the extra sexual relations and would not be informed if a woman became pregnant by another man. Men and women can also turn to divorce in attempt to find a new partner with whom to bear a child. The emotional strain and stress that comes with infertility in the household can lead to the mistreatment and domestic abuse of a woman. The devaluation of a wife due to her inability to conceive can lead to domestic abuse and emotional trauma such as victim blaming.
Women are sometimes or often blamed as the cause of a couples' infertility, which can lead to emotional abuse , anxiety, and shame. In some countries, the emotional and physical abuses that come with infertility can potentially lead to assault , murder , and suicide.
Many infertile women tend to cope with immense stress and social stigma behind their condition, which can lead to considerable mental distress. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
Main article: Age and female fertility. Further information: Tubal factor infertility. Human Reproduction Update. PLOS Med. BMC Public Health. Clinical Endocrinology. Fertil Steril. Acta Oncol. Fertility and Sterility. October Actas Urologicas Espanolas. JP Medical Ltd. Update Meta-Analysis. Arq Gastroenterol Meta-Analysis. Expert Rev Hematol.
Gynecol Endocrinol. New England Journal of Medicine. Human Reproduction. Retrieved November 5, April 30, The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Leke, Jemimah A. Family Relations. ICD - 10 : N Female diseases of the pelvis and genitals N70—N99 , — Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion.
Female infertility Fallopian tube obstruction Hematosalpinx Hydrosalpinx Salpingitis. Asherman's syndrome Dysfunctional uterine bleeding Endometrial hyperplasia Endometrial polyp Endometriosis Endometritis. Female infertility Recurrent miscarriage.
Infertility in women
Many couples ask themselves this question after trying to conceive unsuccessfully. You may be infertile. You should see your doctor if Why the shorter time period for women 35 and older? Fertility naturally declines more rapidly starting at age
Even if you're not thinking about having children or becoming pregnant any time soon, it's not a bad idea to learn how to spot the signs that you might be infertile or have fertility issues. However, it should be noted that fertility is not only a women's issue. To learn more, Bustle reached out to Dr. Below, she provides her expertise on the signs of infertility that people with ovaries should be aware of. That said, it's important to keep in mind that none of the symptoms below are absolute signs that you're infertile, and in many cases, infertility is temporary and treatable.
12 Potential Signs You May Have a Fertility Problem
Female infertility accounts for about one third of all infertility cases. Infertility in women can be caused by conditions affecting any of your reproductive organs — your ovaries, fallopian tubes, or uterus. Infertility affects an estimated 10 percent of women. Studies have found that about a third of infertility cases are due to female infertility, another third to men, and the rest to issues affecting both partners or a cause that may remain a mystery. Many factors can contribute to female infertility. Understanding them is the first step toward resolving them. Problems with ovulation are the most common cause of female infertility. A lack of ovulation is frequently due to:. A blockage in your fallopian tubes can prevent a released egg from being fertilizing by sperm and from progressing on its journey toward your uterus.
What Causes Infertility in Women?
Infertility can be one of the toughest medical issues for woman to deal with—not just because of the emotional upheaval, but because there are so many causes behind it. If you want to have kids one day or have been trying without success, read up on the most common causes of infertility. Carrying around extra pounds is not a direct cause of infertility itself. Just as excess body fat can result in infertility or fertility difficulties, so can not having enough of it. The fact is that the older a woman is, the harder it is to get pregnant, even with medical intervention.
Infertility is defined as trying to get pregnant with frequent intercourse for at least a year with no success. Female infertility, male infertility or a combination of the two affects millions of couples in the United States. An estimated 10 to 18 percent of couples have trouble getting pregnant or having a successful delivery.
Top Causes of Infertility in Women
Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. New life begins when an egg from a woman is fertilised by sperm from a man. Ovulation occurs around 14 days before the start of the menstrual period, when an egg ovum is released from one of the ovaries.
Female infertility refers to infertility in women. Infertility affects women from around the world, and the cultural and social stigma surrounding it varies. Causes or factors of female infertility can basically be classified regarding whether they are acquired or genetic, or strictly by location. Although factors of female infertility can be classified as either acquired or genetic, female infertility is usually more or less a combination of nature and nurture. Also, the presence of any single risk factor of female infertility such as smoking, mentioned further below does not necessarily cause infertility, and even if a woman is definitely infertile, the infertility cannot definitely be blamed on any single risk factor even if the risk factor is or has been present. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine ASRM , age, smoking, sexually transmitted infections, and being overweight or underweight can all affect fertility.
15 Causes of Infertility in Women
This is your time, and we get that. You are ready to have a child and you want to do everything you can to make it happen. It is not abnormal to have difficulty conceiving. There are many reasons a woman could be struggling, and many infertility signs. If you are wondering whether or not you are one of these women, consider if the following conditions might have some relation to you.
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9 Signs You Might Be Infertile & Should See Your Doctor
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Houston Fertility Journal
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